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Safety assessment of the substance phosphorous acid, triphenyl ester, polymer with alpha‐hydro‐omega‐hydroxypoly[oxy(methyl‐1,2‐ethanediyl)], C10–16 alkyl esters (FCM No 1076), for use in food contact materials

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The EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes and Processing Aids (CEP Panel) assessed the safety of the substance ‘phosphorous acid, triphenyl ester, polymer with alpha‐hydro‐omega‐hydroxypoly[oxy(methyl‐1,2‐ethanediyl)], C10–16 alkyl esters’ obtained by reaction of ■■■■■ This food contact material (FCM) substance No 1076 was evaluated by the CEP Panel in 2019 for its use in high impact polystyrene. This opinion deals with the safety assessment of the substance when used as an additive at up to 0.025% w/w in acrylonitrile‐butadiene‐styrene (ABS) copolymers. The plastic is intended for repeated use in contact with aqueous, acidic, alcoholic and oil‐in‐water emulsion foods, for long‐term storage at room temperature and below. Migration from ABS formulated with the substance at 0.02% w/w was up to 0.002 mg/kg in 10% ethanol, 0.005 mg/kg in 3% acetic acid and 0.027 mg/kg in 50% ethanol. Migration levels into 50% ethanol declined under repeated‐use test conditions and this decline was considered to also cover repeated contacts with 10% ethanol and 3% acetic acid simulants. The toxicological data are the same as those submitted by the same applicant in a previous dossier (EFSA‐Q‐2018‐00411). They were reported in the scientific opinion of the CEP Panel in 2019 and the conclusions on toxicity are still valid. Overall, the CEP Panel concluded that the substance phosphorous acid, triphenyl esters, polymer with alpha‐hydro‐omega‐hydroxypoly[oxy(methyl‐1,2‐ethanediyl)], C10–16 alkyl esters, does not raise a safety concern for the consumer if it is used as an additive at up to 0.025% w/w in ABS materials and articles for single and repeated use in contact with aqueous, acidic, alcoholic and oil‐in‐water emulsion foods, for long‐term storage at room temperature and below, and if its migration does not exceed 0.05 mg/kg food.

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